Islamitische Staot versjèl tösje versies

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[[Plaetje:AQMI_Flag.svg|thumb|Veendel vaan de gróp]]
[[Plaetje:Syrian%2C_Iraqi%2C_and_Lebanese_insurgencies.png|400px|thumb|De allewijl (16 augustus 2015) situatie vaan d'n Islamitische Staot in de regio: '''Islamitische Staot''' ('''duustergries'''), de '''Koerde''' ('''geel''', Syrische organisatie get liechter es de IrakeseIrakees; wèrke altied same), '''Irakese regiering''' ('''paors'''), 't '''Syrië vaan Assad''' (de regiering, '''roze'''), 't '''Syrië oonder Khoja''' (de oppositie, '''liechgreun'''), '''al-Nusra''' (deil vaan al-Qaeda, '''blaank'''), de '''Libaneze''' (de regiering vaan Libanon, '''oranje'''), Hezbollah ('''blauw''').]]
D'n '''Islamitische Staot''', mer in de [[media]] meistens d'n '''Islamitische Staot vaan Irak en de Levant''' (dèks aofgekort '''ISIL''', [[Arabisch]]: '''لدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام‎'''), ouch bekind es d'n '''Islamitische Staot vaan Irak en Syrië''' (mèt de in de media väöl gebruukde aofkorting '''ISIS''') of d'n '''Islamitische Staot vaan Irak en ash-Sham'''<ref name="What is IS">{{cite news|title=What is Islamic State?|url=http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-29052144|publisher=BBC News|date=26 September 2014|accessdate=9 March 2015}}</ref>, is 'ne zelfverklaorde staot, dee door niemes weurt erkind en in de [[EU]] en aander [[Westers]] len weurt gezeen es 'n [[leger|militair gróp]] gebasseerd op [[salafi jihadisme]] – 'n zier extreem argressieve versie vaan de [[soennisme|soennisch]]e [[islam]] – die in [[29 juni]] [[2014]] e [[kalifaat]] oetreep in 't grensgebeed vaan [[Irak]] en [[Syrië]], en op 't memint vaan sjrieve de controle heet euver 'n terratorium vaan 10 miljoen lui in wat me nog ummertouw zuut es bezat gebeed vaan Irak en Syrië,. merD'n Islamitische Staot heet ouch gelimiteerd territoriaal controle in bepaolde gebeije vaan [[Libië]] en [[Nigeria]].<ref>{{cite web|title=Kurds accused of 'ethnic cleansing' by Syria rebels|url=http://www.cbsnews.com/news/kurds-accused-ethnic-cleansing-syria-rebels-isis/|accessdate=22 June 2015|publisher=CBS News}}</ref> Väöl journaliste en politicologe zien d'n Islamitische Staot es 'n direk rizzeltaot vaan de chaos die in mierdere [[Arabisch]]e regio's, wie [[Syrië]], woort gecreëerd door de [[democratie|democratische]] rivveluties vaan 't [[Arabisch Veurjaor]]. Veur väöl Arabiere is de opkoms vaan d'n Islamitische Staot e bezej veur wat mis is gegaange in 't Arabisch Veurjaor, naomelek 'n oetbarsting vaan [[islam|Mohammedaons]] [[extremisme]].
 
De staot of terroristische gróp (vaanaof noe altied 'n gróp genömp in 't artikel) is in 't Arabisch bekind es ''ad-Dawlah al-Islamiya fil-'Iraq wash-Sham'', wat dèks rizzelteerd in 't acroniem '''Da'ish''' (''Da'iesj'') of '''DAESH''' (''Da'èsj''),. Dit 't Arabisch equivalent vaan ''ISIL''. enDe gróp is in [[1999]] opgeriech. Op [[29 juni]] [[2014]] reep de gróp e ''wereldwied'' kalifaat op,<ref name="newname">{{cite news|url=http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/isis-declares-new-islamic-state-in-middle-east-with-abu-bakr-albaghdadi-as-emir-removing-iraq-and-syria-from-its-name-9571374.html|last=Withnall|first=Adam|title=Iraq crisis: Isis changes name and declares its territories a new Islamic state with 'restoration of caliphate' in Middle East|date=29 June 2014|accessdate=29 June 2014|work=The Independent}}</ref> mèt [[Abu Bakr al-Baghadi]] es de [[kalief]], en hernömde de gróp häörzelf d'n ''Islamitsche Staot'' (''ad-Dawlah al-Islamiyah''). De nuie naom en de idee vaan e kalifaat is wiet euver de wereld bekritiseerd en becomenteerdbecommenteerd, mèt de [[VN]], versjèllende regieringe en 't groet gros vaan de mohammedaone es tegestendertegestenders vaan de [[ideologie]]. Es kalifaat claimp 't relizjeus, polletiek en militair authoriteit euver alle mohammedaone op Eerd te höbbe. en tot't zieStèlt “de legaliteit [te höbbe] alle emiraote, gróppe, staote en organisaties [vaan mohammedaonse origine] bis nul te bringe via de expansie vaan 't kalifaat en zien authoriteit en opkoms vaan zien troepe bij hun gebeije”. VäölDe meiste islamitische en neet-islamitische gemeinsjappe nömme de gróp evels oonrepresentatief veur de islam.
<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2014/06/isis_announces_formation_of_ca.php|title=ISIS announces formation of Caliphate, rebrands as 'Islamic State'}}</ref><ref name="The Week">{{cite news|title = Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi: The man who would be caliph|url = http://theweek.com/article/index/267920/abu-bakr-al-baghdadi-the-man-who-would-be-caliph|accessdate = 7 December 2014|work = [[The Week]]|date = 13 September 2014}}<!--Al-Baghdadi has the megalomaniacal aim of restoring the long-expired caliphate, the original Muslim kingdom that existed under the successors of the Prophet Mohammed and at one point extended from modern-day Spain to Central Asia. "Caliph", or khalifa, means "successor" in Arabic, and by taking the title, al-Baghdadi has declared himself the chief imam and political and military leader of all Muslims.--></ref>
 
De [[Vereinegde Naties]] heet d'n Islamitische Staot verantweurdelek gehawwe veur 't sjenne vaan minserechte en 't plege vaan oorlogsmisdaod, en [[Amnesty International]] heet gereporteerd tot 't [[etnisch zuvering]] gief op “historisch sjaol”. De gróp is aongeduid es 'n [[terrorisme|terroistischterroistische organisatie]] door de VN, de [[Europese Unie]], 't [[Vereineg Keuninkriek]], de [[Vereinegde Staote vaan Amerika]], [[India]], [[Australië]], [[Canada]], [[Indonesië]], [[Maleisië]], [[Törkije]], [[Saudi-Arabië]], de [[Vereinegde Arabische Emiraote]], [[Syrië]], [[Egypte]] en [[Rösland]]. Mie es 60 len zien direk of indirek in oorlog mèt d'n Islamitische Staot. De "Limbörge" zien in 'n (direk oorlog ([[Nederland]] en [[Belsj]], zien direk in oorlog door 't sjikke vaan eige seldaote, indirek in de oorlog zien de EU-staote die bewös gein höbbe gesjik mer door hun lidmaotsjap bij de EU wel bis e polletiek blok behure contra d'n Islamitische Staot).<ref>{{cite news|last=Sly|first=Liz|title=Islamic law comes to rebel-held Syria|url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/islamic-law-comes-to-rebel-held-syria/2013/03/19/b310532e-90af-11e2-bdea-e32ad90da239_print.html|newspaper=The Washington Post|date=23 July 2013}}</ref>
 
De gróp waor sinds [[1999]] 'n cel vaan de groetere terroristegróp [[Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad]], die weer deil zaw oetmake vaan [[al-Qaeda]] vaanaof [[2004]]. Versjèllende gróppe vaan al-Qaeda participeerde mèt 't Iraaks leger vaan [[Sadam Hussein]] contra de [[invasie vaan Irak in 2003]] ([[Miert]]). In [[jannewarie]] [[2006]], vörmde dees gróppe mèt aander extreme [[soennisme|soennitische gróppe]] de [[Mujahideen Shura Raod]], die bezeg waor mèt 'n formatie veur 'ne zekeren [[Islamitische Staot vaan Irak]] (ISI) in [[oktober]] [[2006]]. Nog mie es noe góng 't um 'n gróp; vaan geografische mach waor emper spraoke.
 
Oonder 't leijersjap vaan al-Baghdadi sjikte ISI seldaote nao [[Syrië]] in [[augustus]] [[2011]] naotot de [[Syrische Börgeroorlog]] in [[Miert]] [[2011]] waor begos. De gróp nömde ziechzelf op dat memint [[Jabhat an-Nusrah li-Ahli ash-Sham]] of ''al Nusra Front'' ('t Levants Front), en kraog al snel de mach euver groete gedeiltes vaan Syrië boe soennitische mierderheije leve, boe-oonder [[Ar-Raqqah]], [[Idlib]], [[Deir ez-Zor]] en [[Aleppo]].<ref>{{cite news|last=Sly|first=Liz|title=Islamic law comes to rebel-held Syria|url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/islamic-law-comes-to-rebel-held-syria/2013/03/19/b310532e-90af-11e2-bdea-e32ad90da239_print.html|newspaper=The Washington Post|date=23 July 2013}}</ref>
In [[April]] [[2013]] reep al-Baghdadi zien seldaote op de aw koloniaal grenze tösse Syrië en Irak (die inderdaad door Europeane is getrokke nao de val vaan 't [[Ottomaans Riek]]), boenao de gróp seldaote ziech d'n Islamitische Staot vaan Irak en de Levant góng neume. seldaoteSeldaote vaan de gróp zölle altied de naom ISIL of 'n variant daovaan gebruuke, wijl ze de naom ISIS sjuie veur hun aversiehawwing veurcontra de term ''Syrië'', es e produk vaan Europees kolonialisme, wat historisch ouch riechteg is, en daorum gein term is die "in dees nui periood vaan mohammedaonse opbleui" gebruuk maag weure. De leijers vaan al-Nusra en al-Qaeda, [[Abu Mohammad al-Julani]] en [[Ayman al-Zawahiri]], weigere ziech evels aon te slete bij de oproop vaan al-Baghdadi en beginne zelfs publiek al-Baghdadi's hajding fel te veroordeile es bliek tot deze maan en zien seldaote aander mohammedaone, die neet soennitisch zien (veural [[sjiisme|sjiite]]) dèks op brute wieze excutere. Veur al-Qaeda is altied 't buut gewees 'n Arabische wereld te vörme zoonder invlood vaan 't Weste, weliswoer gedomineerd door de islam, mer dees gróp heet noets gemeind aander moslimbroojers of zelfs christene die de koran tollerere es 't plaotselek wètbook te vermaore. Nao 'n groete interne ruize vaan ach maonde, nömp al-Qaeda officieel aofstand vaan de gansen Islamitische Staot op [[3 fibberwarie]] [[2014]], en laot wete de gróp op gei meneer mie de steune op force vaan häör “beröchte oonverzeunende hajding”.<ref name="al-Qaeda severs link with ISIL">{{cite news|last=Holmes|first=Oliver|url=http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/02/03/us-syria-crisis-qaeda-idUSBREA120NS20140203|agency=Reuters|title=Al Qaeda breaks link with Syrian militant group ISIL|date=3 February 2014|accessdate=6 July 2014}}</ref><ref name="AlQaedaTiesEnd">{{cite news|url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/al-qaeda-disavows-any-ties-with-radical-islamist-isis-group-in-syria-iraq/2014/02/03/2c9afc3a-8cef-11e3-98ab-fe5228217bd1_story.html|title=Al-Qaeda disavows any ties with radical Islamist ISIS group in Syria, Iraq|work=The Washington Post|first=Liz|last=Sly|date=3 February 2014|accessdate=7 February 2014}}</ref>
 
D'n Islamitische Staot steit bekind um zie good gefinancierd web en zien professioneel socialmedia[[propaganda]], die besteit oet internetvideos vaan versjèllende seldaote, börgers, journaliste en vrijwèllegers die weure geköp, destructie vaan cultureel besjermde gebeije en ouch professioneel reklaam um nui lui te trèkke nao de Staot.<ref name="al-shorfa">{{cite web | url= http://mawtani.al-shorfa.com/en_GB/articles/iii/features/2015/02/13/feature-01|title=Iraq churches, mosques under ISIL attack|author=Khalid al-Taie|publisher=Al-Shorfa| date=13 February 2015|accessdate = 27 February 2015}}</ref>
 
De gróp begosbegint väöl aondach te kriege in de Europees media vaanaof 't memint dattot de gróp succesvol Iraakse legers in Wes-Iraakse stei leekliek te verdrieve. In Syrië verklaordeverklaore zie de oorlog mèt zoewel de regiering es de rebelfractie vaan de Syrische Börgeroorlog. Allewel de lètse twie tegestenders bis veurkort mekaars groetse tegestenders waore in de Börgeroorlog, weurt noe opvallend wieneg bevochte tösse dees twie en lieke ze tezame e blok perbere te vörme contra d'n Islamitische Staot, al geit dat neet altied eve gemekelek. 't Verlees vaan bekans e kwaart vaan 't Iraaks groondgebeed, rizzelteerderizzelteert 'ne paar kier bijnao in 'n val vaan de Iraakse regiering en zörgdezörg veur nui stationeringe vaan Amerikaanse militaire in Irak.
 
== Naom ==
De gróp heet versjèllende naome gehad.
 
# De gróp woortweurt opgeriech in [[1999]] door de [[Jordanië|Jordaanse]] radicalen [[Abu Masab al-Zarqawi]] es ''Jama'at al-Tawhid wa-al-Jihad'', de ''Organisatie vaan Monotheïsme en Jihad'' (JTJ).
# In [[oktober]] [[2004]], zweert al-Zarqawi zweerde loyaliteit bij [[Osama bin Laden]] en veraanderdeveraandert de grópsnaom in ''Tanzim Qa'idat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn'', de ''Organisatie vaan Jihads basis in Mesapotamië'', veurnaomelek bekind oonder häöre kortere naom: ''al-Qaeda in Irak'' (AQI). Allewel de gróp häörzelf noets al-Qaeda heet genömpnömp, waoris dat häören informele naom.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/06/09/AR2006060902040.html|title=Death Could Shake Al-Qaeda in Iraq and Around the World|work=The Washington Post|last=Whitlock|first=Craig|date=10 June 2006|accessdate=22 July 2014}}</ref><ref name="ctc29May">{{cite web|url=http://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/the-isils-stand-in-the-ramadi-falluja-corridor|title=The ISIL's Stand in the Ramadi-Falluja Corridor|author=Knights, Michael|publisher=Combating Terrorism Center|date=29 May 2014|accessdate=12 July 2014}}</ref>
# In [[jannewarie]] [[2006]] AQI fuseerdefuseert mèt versjèllende aandere Irakese gróppe de ''Mujahideen Shura Raod''. Al-Zarqawi waorweurt vermaorvermaord in [[juni]] [[2006]]. Op [[12 oktober]] [[2006]] fuseerdefuseert de Mujahideen Shura Raod mèt versjèllende aandere fracties um inop [[13 oktober]] ziech de ''ad-Dawlah al-'Iraq al-Islamiyah'' of d'n ''Islamitische Staot vaan Irak'' (ISI) te neume. De leijers vaan de gróp waore toenzien [[Abu Abdullah al-Rashid al-Baghdadi]] en [[Abu Ayyub al-Masri]]. Naotot zie woortezien vermaorvermaord in 'n Amerikaans-Irakese operatie in [[April]] [[2010]], woortweurt [[Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi]] de nuie leijer vaan de gróp.<ref>Fishman, 2008 p. 48 - 49 </ref>
# Op [[8 april]] [[2013]], wie de gróp de grens vaan Syrië succesvol waor euvergestokeeuversteek, adopteerdeadopteert zie de naom ''Islamitische Staot vaan Irak en al-Sham'', mèt mie vertaolde variante wie ISIL, ISIS of 'ne volle naom daovaan. Dees naome zien vertaolinge vaan de Arabische naom ''ad-Dawlah al-Islamiyah fi-l-'Iraq wa-sh-Sham'', al-Sham es 'n descriptie vaan de [[Levant]] of Groeter-Syrië. De vertaolde naome zörge veur väöl discussie, veural in de media um welke naom noe gebruuk mót weure. De [[Washington Post]] concludeerdeconcludeert tot de distinctie tösse de twie "neet zoe groet is".<ref name=bbc-2013-07-12>{{cite news|title=Key Free Syria Army rebel 'killed by Islamist group'|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-23283079|publisher=BBC News|date=12 July 2013}}</ref><ref name="AlArabiya_9-4-2013">{{cite news|title=Al-Qaeda in Iraq confirms Syria's Nusra Front is part of its network|url=http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/middle-east/2013/04/09/Al-Qaeda-in-Iraq-confirms-Syria-s-Nusra-Front-is-part-of-its-network.html|accessdate=15 June 2014|publisher=Al Arabiya|date=9 April 2013}}</ref>
# De naom ''Da'ish'' is dèks gebruuk door de Arabischsprekende detractore vaan de gróp. 't Is gebasseerd op de Arabische lètters Dal, 'ayn en shin, die de acronym (داعش) vörme vaan häör meis officiele naom: al-Dawlah al-Islamīyah fī al-ʻIrāq wa-al-Shām. De seldaote vaan de gróp gebruukegebruke meistenmeistens de Da'ish derogatorie, umtot 't lieket op 't Arabisch woord ''Daes'': iemes dee verinneweerd mèt zien naakse veuj.<ref name="daesh2">{{cite web|url=http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2014/05/226067.htm|title=Terrorist Designations of Groups Operating in Syria|publisher=United States Department of State|date=14 May 2014|accessdate=18 June 2014}}</ref>
# Op [[14 mei]] [[2014]] kondegdekondeg de VS aon de gróp ''Islamitische Staot vaan Irak en de Levant'' of ISIL te neume. In [[december]] datzelfde jaor begos dbegint'n tóp vaan de VS evels euver te gaon nao DAESH, aongezeen dat de gepreffereerde term is bij Arabische partners.<ref name="DAESH shift">''One More Name for Islamic State: Daesh'', http://blogs.wsj.com/washwire/2014/12/23/one-more-name-for-islamic-state-daesh 25 december 2014}}</ref>
# Op [[29 juni]] [[2014]] hernömdehernömp de gróp ziechzelf de Islamitische Staot en verkondegdeverkondeg ze tot 't 'n wereldwijd kalifaat zawzal vörme.<ref name="Moore">{{cite news|last=Moore|first=Jack|date=2 July 2014|title=Iraq Crisis: Senior Jordan Jihadist Slams Isis Caliphate|url=http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/iraq-crisis-senior-jordan-jihadist-slams-isis-caliphate-1455041|work=International Business Times UK|accessdate=2 July 2014}}</ref><ref name="ReferenceA">{{cite news|last1=Mandhai|first1=Shafik|title=Muslim leaders reject Baghdadi's caliphate|url=http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2014/07/muslim-leaders-reject-baghdadi-caliphate-20147744058773906.html|accessdate=12 July 2014|publisher=Al Jazeera|date=7 July 2014}}</ref><ref name="Goodenough">{{cite web|last=Goodenough|first=Patrick|url=http://cnsnews.com/news/article/patrick-goodenough/self-appointed-caliph-makes-first-public-appearance|title=Self-Appointed 'Caliph' Makes First Public Appearance|publisher=CNS News|date=6 July 2014|accessdate=26 July 2014}}</ref><ref name="Statement by the President on ISIL">{{cite news|title=Statement by the President on ISIL|url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/09/10/statement-president-isil-1|accessdate=20 December 2014|publisher=The White House|date=10 September 2014}}</ref>
 
== Historie ==
[[Plaetje:Zarqawi dead us govt photo.jpg|thumb|left|Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, dee vaan 2001 bis zien hiemele in 2006 leijer waor vaan d'n Iraakse vlörk vaan al-Qaeda.]]
[[Plaetje:Air_assault_arab_jabour.jpg|thumb|left|Amerikane en lokale bevolking die mèthölp in 2008; vegentere cóntra seldaote vaan de door al-Baghdadi geleien Islamitische Staot vaan Irak.]]
Nao de [[Invasie vaan Irak]] in [[2003]] kraogekriege de in [[1999]] door [[Jordanië|Jordaonse]] [[Salafi]]-[[Jihad]]is [[Abu Musab al-Zarqawi]] opgeriechte militair gróp [[Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad]] bekindheid in de vreug periood vaan d'n [[Iraaksen Opstand]] ([[2003]]-[[2011]]) door zelfmoordaonvalle op [[sjiisme|sjiitische]] [[moskee]]s, börgers, Irakese gouvernemintsinstitute en [[Italië|Italiaonse]] seldaote die mèt wèrkdewèrke in de [[VS|Amerikaanse]] [[Multi-National Force]]. Al-Zarqawi's gróp waoris officieel gekoppeld aon [[Osama bin Laden]]s [[al-Qaeda]]-netwèrk in [[oktober]] [[2004]], door häöre naom te veraandere in de [[Organisatie vaan Jihads basis in Mesopotamië]] (''Tanzim Qaidat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn'', تنظيم قاعدة الجهاد في بلاد الرافدين), ouch bekind es ''al-Qaeda in Irak'' (AQI).<ref name="JamestownFoundation20041018">{{cite journal|last1=Pool|first1=Jeffrey|title=Zarqawi's Pledge of Allegiance to Al-Qaeda: From Mu'Asker Al-Battar, Issue 21|journal=Terrorism Monitor|date=16 December 2004|volume=2|issue=24|page=The Jamestown Foundation|url=http://www.jamestown.org/publications_details.php?volume_id=400&issue_id=3179&article_id=2369020|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070930180847/http://www.jamestown.org/publications_details.php?volume_id=400&issue_id=3179&article_id=2369020|archivedate=30 September 2007|accessdate=30 July 2014}}</ref><ref name="Dawn20041018">{{cite news|title=Zarqawi pledges allegiance to Osama|url=http://www.dawn.com/2004/10/18/top7.htm|date=18 October 2004|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20071229020549/http://www.dawn.com/2004/10/18/top7.htm|archivedate=29 December 2007|agency=Agence France-Presse|work=Dawn|accessdate=13 July 2007}}</ref>
 
In [[jannewarie]] [[2006]] beslootbesleet AQI mèt versjillende kleinere Irakese opstandsgróppe oonder ein daak te goon, es de [[Mujahideen Shura Raod]] (MSR). Door [[Brian Fishman]] woortweurt in de [[Annals of American Academy of Political and Social Science]] geclaimp tot dit mie zawzal gaon veurstèlle es woortweurt gedach in de media en 'n poging um de beweging 'n mie “Iraaks smeekske” te geve en mesjiens zelfs wel aofstand te nömme vaan versjèllende oonpoppelair acties vaan al-Qaeda wie de terroristische aonvalle in [[2005]] door AQI op drei hotels in [[Amman]]. Op [[7 juni]] [[2006]] vermaordevermaor 'n [[Amerikaans]] legervleegmesjien [[al-Zarqawi]], dee waoris oetgerope es leijer vaan de gróp door d'n [[Egypte|Egyptische]] militant [[Abu Ayyub al-Masri]].<ref name="bbc1">{{cite news|title=Al-Qaeda in Iraq names new head|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/5073092.stm|publisher=BBC News|date=12 June 2006}}</ref><ref name="Al Masri">{{cite news|last=Tran|first=Mark|title=Al-Qaida in Iraq leader believed dead|url=http://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/may/01/iraq.alqaida|newspaper=The Guardian|date=1 May 2007}}</ref>
 
Op [[12 oktober]] [[2006]] vereinegdevereineg de MSR ziech mèt drei kleiner gróppe en zès [[soennisme|soennitische stamme]] um de ''Mutayibeen Koälitie'' te vörme. Zie zwoorzweert bij God <blockquote>"...de soenniete oonder de opressie vaandaon te haole vaan de rejectioniste [sjiite] en de kruusveerdende bezètters [Amerikane en Europeane] […], eus rechte trök te kriege, desnoeds door 't offere vaan eus eige leves […], door Gods woord supreme te make in dees wereld en de glorie vaan de islam beijin te rape."</blockquote> 'nen Daag later reepröp de MSR de opriechting vaan d'n [[Islamitische Staot vaan Irak]] (ISI) oet, dee de zès, veurnaomelek soennitisch-islamitische, staote bij-ein zawzal mótte bringe, mèt [[Abu Omar al-Baghdadi]] es de nuien [[Emir]]. Al-Masri waoris de gegeve titel vaan de Kriegsminister in 't tien leije tèllend kabinèt vaan ISI.<ref name="cabinetlist">{{cite news|title=Islamic State of Iraq Announces Establishment of the Cabinet of its First Islamic Administration in Video Issued Through al-Furqan Foundation|url=http://www.siteinstitute.org/bin/articles.cgi?ID=publications274907&Category=publications&Subcategory=0|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070928061225/http://www.siteinstitute.org/bin/articles.cgi?ID=publications274907&Category=publications&Subcategory=0|archivedate=28 September 2007|accessdate=20 July 2014|publisher=SITE Institute|date=19 April 2007}}</ref>
 
=== D'n Islamitische Staot vaan Irak (2006-2013)===
[[Plaetje:Odierno_Raymond_CSA_ASU.jpg|thumb|VS-Generaal Odierno Raymond, vaan mei 2006 bis mei 2008 waoris heer aktief es generaal in Amerikaans-Irak; sinds 7 september 2011 is heer obbenuits aktief op dees positie.]]
[[Plaetje:Mugshot_of_Abu_Bakr_al-Baghdadi,_2004.jpg|thumb|150px|Abu Bakr (neet te verwarre mèt de gehiemelden Abu Omar) al-Baghdadi, in 2004. Op 26 mei 2010 woortweurt heer aongesteld es de nuie leier vaan ISI of AQI. Later verbrookverbreek heer alle ben mèt al-Qaede, wat häöm allewijl nog ummertouw de leier maak vaan d'n Islamitische Staot.]]
Op force vaan 'n Amerikaans geheimedeensstudie in de vreuge maond vaan [[2007]], maakdemaak de ISI – de AQI – planne um hun force te laote greuie in 't weste en de middel vaan Irak, zoetot 't de metamorfose koskin oondergoon vaan 'ne soennitischen islamitische staot. De gróp greuidegreuit in sterkdestaarkde en in häör hoegtepönte kraogkrijg 't väöl aondach in de Irakese regieringe vaan [[Al Anbar]], [[Diyala]] en [[Baghdad]], wie zie [[Baqubah]] oetrepeoetrope es hun hoofstad. De Amerikaanse troepe zatte in deen tiedzètte mie force in, wat rizzelteerderizzelteert in de arrestatie en doed vaan versjillende hoegaontstaonde AQI-leije.<ref>{{cite news|last1=Ricks|first1=Thomas E.|title=Situation Called Dire in West Iraq|url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/09/10/AR2006091001204.html?nav=rss_email/components|accessdate=13 July 2014|work=The Washington Post|date=11 September 2006}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last1=Linzer|first1=Dafna|last2=Ricks|first2=Thomas E.|title=Anbar Picture Grows Clearer, and Bleaker|url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/27/AR2006112701287.html|accessdate=18 July 2014|work=The Washington Post|date=28 November 2006}}</ref>
 
Tösse juli en oktober [[2007]] kraokrijg al-Qaeda in Irak te hure tot ze hun belaangriekse militaire kampe tösse [[Anbar]] en [[Baghdad]] waorehöbbe verlore. Gedäörende [[2008]] drevedrieve de Amerikane en Irakeze mie en mie AQI-soldaote oet versjillende westeleke en centraole stei, wie [[Diyala]] en [[Al Anbar]], nao 't noordelek gebeed vaan de stad [[Mosul]].<ref>{{cite news|last1=Ricks|first1=Thomas|last2=DeYoung|first2=Karen|title=Al-Qaeda in Iraq Reported Crippled|url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/10/14/AR2007101401245.html|newspaper=The Washington Post|date=15 October 2007|accessdate=13 February 2015}}</ref>
 
In [[2008]] besjreefbesjrijf ISI ziechzelf es 'ne staot in ''extraordinaire crisis''. Zie geweld maakdemaak ziechzelf ummertouw minder populair oonder de bevolking vaan de regio's boe zie 't lètse woord haddehöbbe; zelfs oonder de soennitische lui, die op alles woorteweure veurgetrokke door de gróp. Oetindelek heelthilt de groete krimp vaan de gróp, in zoewel lui es land, op mèt de opmerkeleke [[Anbar Oontneuchtering]], 'n [[rivvelutie]] in [[Anbar]] boe 't volk oetindelek de kant kooskees vaan ISI. Dees gebäörtenis waoris in zoen maote 'n verassing veur ederein, inclusief de Amerikane, tot 't ISI 'n oonverwachte veurspronk goof in de regio, die de Amerikane en Irakeze nimmie in toen lekehöbbe tekinne kriegeinhaole.<ref>{{Harvnb|Phillips|2009|p=65}}.</ref>
 
In laat [[2009]] st1eldestèlt 'ne kommendeur vaan de Amerikaanse forces in Irak, generaal [[Ray Odierno]], dat de ISI “...in 'ne knab is getransformeerd. Wie 'r ins waor gedomineerd door boetelendse individuuje, is 't noe mienemie gedomineerd door Iraakse börgers.” Op [[18 april]] [[2010]] waorezien de twie tópleiers vaan ISI, [[Abu Ayyub al-Masri]] en [[Abu Omar al-Baghdadi]] vermaor door 'ne vereinegden inval vaan de VS en Irak in 't naoventrint vaan [[Tikrit]]. In 'n pressconferentie in [[juni]] [[2010]] reporteerdereporteert generaal odierno tot tachteg percent vaan de 42 ISI-tópleiers, inclusief recruters en financeerders, vermaor of opgepak zien, mèt nog meh ach te gaon. Heer zagstèlt tot zie gei kontak mie höbbe mèt 't leiersjap in [[Pakistan]].<ref>{{cite news|title=Attacks in Iraq down, Al-Qaeda arrests up: US general|url=http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5iliKXlauRMdj1Uijz1Zv-WkJ7RUQ|publisher=Google News|date=4 June 2010|agency=Agence France-Presse|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140225073345/http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5iliKXlauRMdj1Uijz1Zv-WkJ7RUQ|archivedate=9 January 2015}}</ref>
 
Op [[16 mei]] [[2010]] woortweurt [[Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi]] de nuie leier vaan d'n ISI. Al-Baghdadi völdevölt 't leiersjap aon mèt versjillende militair figure door kontak op te nömme mèt 't veurmaoleg [[Ba'athist]]-leger oonder [[Saddam Hussein]]s leiersjap. Vaan dees lui spendeerdespendere de meiste väöl tied in de Amerikaanse legergevangenis. Zie beslogebeslaon op e gegeve memint 1/3e vaan Baghdadi's tóp 25 kommandäörs. Eine vaan dem waoris de veurmaolege kolonel, [[Samir al-Khlifawi]], ouch bekind es ''Haji Bakr'', dee de militairen hoofkommandäör woortweurt vaan alle grópsopperaties. Al-Khlifawi waoris instrumenteel vaan hendeg groet belang veur de fundering die leideleit nao de greui vaan de lateren ISIL.<ref>{{cite news |last=Smith |first=Samuel |date=21 April 2015 |title=ISIS' Rise in Iraq Masterminded by Former Saddam Hussein Intelligence Officer, Recently Published Caliphate 'Blueprint' Documents Reveal |url=http://www.christianpost.com/news/isis-rise-in-iraq-masterminded-by-former-saddam-hussein-intelligence-officer-recently-published-caliphate-blueprint-documents-reveal-137925/#uyxSLO8V20QzGpBj.99 |newspaper=The Christian Post |access-date=21 April 2015 }}<br />{{cite news |agency=Reuters |date=20 April 2015 |title=Former Saddam Hussein spy masterminded the rise of Isis, says report |url=http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/apr/20/former-saddam-spy-masterminded-the-rise-of-islamic-state-says-report |newspaper=The Guardian |location=United Kingdom |access-date=21 April 2015 }}<br />{{cite podcast| url=http://www.kfiam640.com/media/podcast-dark-secret-place-darksecretplace/dark-secret-place-0418-25982682/| title=Dark Secret Place 04/18| website=[[KFI]]| publisher=iHeartRadio| host=[[Bryan Suits]]| date=19 April 2015| time=8:50| access-date=21 April 2015
}}<br />{{cite news |last=Dettmer |first=Jamie |first2=Jacob |last2=Siegel |date=21 April 2015 |title=What Saddam Gave ISIS |url=http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/04/21/what-saddam-gave-isis.html |newspaper=The Daily Beast |location=United States |access-date=21 April 2015 }}<br />{{cite news |last=Reuter |first=Christoph |date=18 April 2015 |title=The Terror Strategist: Secret Files Reveal the Structure of Islamic State |url=http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/islamic-state-files-show-structure-of-islamist-terror-group-a-1029274.html |newspaper=Der Spiegel |location=Germany |access-date=21 April 2015 }}</ref>
 
In [[juli]] [[2012]] brachbrink al-Baghdadi 'n verklaoring oet op audio, boe-in de gróp aonkondegdeaonkondeg trök te kiere nao de plaotse boe zie in de periood tösse 2007 en 2008 oet waoris gejaag door de VS en hun soennitisch allientie. Heer reepröp ouch de start op vaan e nuij offensief in Irak, genaomp ''Breaking the Walls'' (''Breek de Mör''), wat ziech riechderiech op 't vrijlaote vaan versjillende leije vaan gróp oet de Iraakse gevagenisse. Geweld in Irak begósbegint te escalere in juni 2012, primair mèt AQI's wagebomaonslage, en in juli 2013, escaleerde 't bis 1.000 doejes; 'ne nómmer dee nimmie zoe hoeg waor gewees sinds april 2008.<ref name="iswSeptember13">{{cite web|title=Al Qaeda in Iraq Resurgent|url=http://www.understandingwar.org/sites/default/files/AQI-Resurgent-10Sept_0.pdf|publisher=Institute for the Study of War|date=September 2013|accessdate=13 February 2015}}</ref>
 
==== Syrische Börgeroorlog (2011-allewijl) ====
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